Rice is among the most widely consumed food crop of the world. India is the second biggest producer of rice after China, accounting for about 90 million tons of production in the world. Rice is cultivated during both summer and winter, and there are more than 4000 varieties of rice being grown every year.
Rice is defined as a cereal grain belonging to the grass family of Poaceae’. Rice belongs to two species of Poaceae crop, namely, Oryza Sativa and Oryza. The rice plant grows at 2-6 legs, with an erect stem and long, pointed and flat leaves. It’s stalk bearing flowers from which the rice grains are produced.
The rice plant needs both warmth and humidity for its proper growth. Rice is usually grown as an annual plant, although in some tropics regions, it’s also grown as a perennial plant. In 3rd world nations and developing nations, rice is among the most commonly grown cash crops. Rice is among the oldest cereal crops cultivated by humans. The earliest forms of rice were grown in China around 5000 years back.
Rice is very nutritious and contains loads of nutrients to give energy and vitality to our body. Rice is a rich source of carbohydrates as well as an essential source of storing the energy within the body for its proper growth.
Rice is also low on fat, salt and cholesterol, and therefore helps in keeping the heart healthy. As pointed above, India is the second biggest producer of rice in the world. The rich soil of India is known for producing some of the best varieties of rice. Basmati rice is globally renowned for its distinctive odor and delicate flavour and Indian basmati rice is extremely demanded in the worldwide market. Basmati Rice: Frequently termed as the king of all rice, basmati rice is a perfect choice for an every day meal. Its delicate flavour and distinctive odor makes this long grain rice as the most wonderful rice among all varieties.
The long grain rice is further classified as Long Grain Brown Rice and Long Grain White Rice’. India is the largest grower and exporter of this rice. Medium Grain Rice: This kind of rice has a creamy colour and a slightly chewy texture. The kernels of this type of rice are shorter and wider as compared with that of long grain rice and also don’t always remain fluffy.