Bulgaria is a country of numerous customs maintained through time. With greater than 1300 years of history, the nation continues to be involved with many wars with its Balkan neighbors who made their cultural imprints in the time. Still the Bulgarians managed to save their customs and folklore unaffected.
Visitors in Bulgaria may be able to take home a piece of this distinguishing history by purchasing conventional mementos and gifts. Conventional costumes exist in several varieties and types based upon the distinct Bulgarian areas. The primary elements of the women’s costumes therefore are long cotton top dress, apron with standard embroideries, belt, kerchief as well as the so called Tsarvuli – wool or leather traditional shoes/slippers.
The male costumes contain white or black conventional pants, shirt, embroidered vest, broad woollen belt as well as black or white sheepskin hat. The shoes are made by hand from calf leather as well as are typical for all Bulgarian areas. Other popular conventional cloth products therefore are handmade woollen carpets and rugs. The most popular ones are made in Chiprovtsi, a little city in North Western Bulgaria.
Another important center of the carpet business it is the southern part of Rodopi Mountain. Very popular carpeting patterns are abstract geometric forms as well as flowers and birds contours. Martenitsa is traditional decoration from white and red thread which is directly related to the Bulgarian custom Baba Marta.
It represents the end of the winter as well as the start of the spring. Bulgarians give one another and wear Martenitsa throughout the month of March. The belief is that it brings good luck. It comes in various types, but the typical one it is in the shape of male from white wire with the name of Pizjo as well as female from red thread with the name of Penda. On the last day of March many people hang their Martenitsa on thriving fruits trees.
Bulgaria is known as the land of the rose and is the largest producer in the world of rose oil, which it is utilized in the perfume industry.
The Rose Valley is the main rose growing area and is situated in southern Bulgaria with city Kazanlak being center of the rose oil business. The most famous rose mementos are vials of rose oil substance usually around 2ml. They’re sold in packs of ten or independently hidden in a wooden conventional doll or carved wooden bottle. Woodcarving and ornamental ceramic pottery are the other places where the Bulgarian traditions are very well preserved.