The coconut palm tree is one of the most extensively used trees worldwide and strongly associated with tropics landscapes. Multiple cultivars of the coconut palm offer varying degrees of trunk crookedness, leaf petiole and fruits colours, growth rates, adaptability to ground conditions and levels of disease resistance. The origin of the coconut palm tree isn’t known with certainty, as this plant was widely spread through the tropics long ago, even though it might be native to the South Pacific or the Malay Archipelago. It’s distributed through tropics and some subtropical regions and grows best where the minimum average temperature is at least 72 degrees Fahrenheit and the annual rainfall amount is at least 30 to 50 inches.
Coconut palm trees require full sun and well drained soil, but can tolerate brackish soil and high winds. The coconut is the most cultivated nut in the world and a very important commercial crop in many tropics countries. The nut meat, coconut oil from the dried meat and milk are utilized for drinks, cooking, cosmetics and many other types of products. Unopened flowers can potentially produce coconut molasses and the hard grained shell of the nut is carved into practical utensils and ornamental objects. Trunk wood is utilized for building and ornamental purposes and the coir from the fruits husk is woven for fabric or ropes.
The coconut palm tree has a single, smooth columnar trunk and could grow 50 to 100 legs tall, depending upon the cultivar. The trunk is light grayish brown in colour, sometimes swollen at the base and usually gracefully curved or leaning. Leaves of the coconut palm tree are shaped plume, growing up to 18 legs long with individual lance shaped leaflets which are 2 to 3 legs long and 2 to 3 inches wide. The evergreen leaves grow in a terminal crown on top of the trunk. The coconut flowers emerge from canoe shaped sheaths inside the crown of leaves. Each inflorescence is 2 to 3 legs long and contains light yellow female flowers near the base of the branchlet and smaller male flowers towards the end of the branchlet. The female flowers mature into a fruits 15 inches long and 12 inches wide.